Indian state-owned company, Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) has signed a contract with the Ministry of Defence to establish Phase-II of the Coastal Surveillance System or Chain of Static Sensors developed for the Indian Coast Guard (ICG).
The contract envisages, among other things, setting up of 38 Radar Stations and five Command and Control Centres against a stiff time line, and at challenging geographical locations along the coast line of India, including that of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
BEL had earlier implemented Phase-I of the project successfully on a turnkey basis by establishing 46 Radar Stations and 16 hierarchical Command and Control Centres. The system, which is operational, is being utilised by ICG for more than four years.
BEL Coastal Surveillance System (CSS)
The BEL Coastal Surveillance System (CSS) comprises a network of Remote Radar Stations equipped with sensors like Radar Systems, AIS (Automatic Identification System), Electro-Optic Systems, Meteorological Systems and VHF Radio Communication Systems integrated with the Command and Control Centres.
The CSS solution provided by BEL is software-intensive and has been developed entirely in-house. The Coastal Surveillance software can be customised to meet the operational requirements of customers, depending on their need. This CSS software is also provided with various decision support features.
The system caters to the requirement of Maritime Surveillance applications to detect, track, identify and monitor suspected threats to facilitate appropriate action by the security agencies.
The data from all the connected Remote Radar stations received at the respective Command and Control Centres are correlated, processed, integrated and displayed in real-time on a Common Operation Picture Display for carrying out surveillance operations. The data may further be communicated to higher hierarchical level Command Control Centres for facilitating decision-making and initiation of suitable action if required.
The system has the facility to track up to 40 tracks per radar and identify vessels in distress. The system also has voice communication facility.
The system consists of:
Command & Control System (CCS): It is the heart of the surveillance system. It can be deployed as a full-scale coastal surveillance system or as a single facility protection system (such as an oil rig, port, high threat asset, etc). It is used to integrate maritime radars, air surveillance radars, Automated Identification System, Interrogation Friend or Foe, Sonar, Electro-Optical Surveillance Systems and provide a connection to other CCS through a data link network.
The Command Control Console (CCC): The CCC provides the operator with all the required capabilities to remotely control the sensors on the network, construct and present the tactical situation assessment picture, support mission planning such as interception, search and rescue, plus meet any other specific requirements given by user.
Sensor Integration: The Costal Surveillance System utilises various types of Radar sensors, which are users specific; hence any type of radar sensor can be integrated for surveillance system.
Electro-Optical Director (EOD), Integration Option: The Command & Control System can be easily integrated with any type of electro-optical device providing both video and thermal imaging capabilities. It provides surveillance through TV and FLR images on a dedicated monitor and on Command & Control console.
Vessel Traffic Management System (VTMS): VTMS is a solution that integrates radar, cameras, video, AIS, and other sensors with an advanced Composite System Tracker to provide a cost-effective radar surveillance solution for small to large ports. The solution is scalable to fit any needs. The system will take the radar picture and display it over an electronic chart (S57) for enhanced situational awareness. The chart will give additional information like buoys, depth, lighthouse details, and channel details, which are essential for guiding vessels into the harbour.
Camera Manager: The system controls multiple cameras.