The China Coast Guard (CCG) was transferred from civilian control of the State Council and the State Oceanic Administration, to the People’s Armed Police (PAP), on July 1, ultimately placing it under the command of the Central Military Commission.
The Coast Guard will now be division under the PAP and take charge of the law enforcement at the sea, , said Wu Qian, a spokesperson for the Ministry of National Defense. He added that the change of command will not alter the basic duties of the coast guard nor affect China’s policies about maritime affairs.
Chinese People’s Armed Police Force forms the Chinese paramilitary police (Gendarmerie) force primarily responsible for internal security, law enforcement and maritime rights protection in China, as well as providing support to the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Ground Force (Chinese Army) during wartime.
China Coast Guard (Chinese: 中国海警; pinyin: Zhōngguó Hǎijĭng; literally: “China Sea Police”) serves as a coordinating agency for maritime search and rescue and law enforcement in the territorial waters of the People’s Republic of China and is currently the world’s largest coast guard.
The China Coast Guard was formerly the maritime branch of the PAP Border Security Force under the Ministry of Public Security until 2013. In March 2013, China announced it would form a unified Coast Guard commanded by the State Oceanic Administration. Now the command was again transferred back to the Chinese People’s Armed Police.
Roles of the CCG are diverse but include patrol of territorial waters and disputed territories, anti-smuggling, anti-piracy, maritime policing and ship inspections, harbour and coastal security, research and survey, search and rescue, and fisheries protection.
During wartime, CCCG may be placed under the operational control of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy.