China’s Armed Police Force will be placed under the unified control of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and Central Military Commission (CMC) from Jan. 1, 2018, said the CPC Central Committee on Dec. 27, Wednesday.
The armed police will be a division under the CMC only and will no longer be listed under the State Council, according to a document.
Coordination mechanisms will be established among the central and local authorities and the armed police, the statement said. The CPC Central Committee urged governments at all levels, the People’s Liberation Army and armed police to implement the decision and ensure a smooth transfer, the statement said.
The history of the Armed Police can be traced to 1949, the year the People’s Republic of China was founded, when its predecessor — the Chinese People’s Public Security Central Column — was set up to take charge of internal security. In the following decades, the force’s name and affiliation was changed, but most of the time it was administered by the Central Military Commission.
In 1982, some PLA units responsible for domestic security were merged with police forces in charge of border defense and firefighting to form a new Armed Police Force. At that time, the Central Military Commission and State Council began to share its administration.