The Defence and Strategic Communications Geostationary Satellite (Satélite Geoestacionário de Defesa e Comunicações Estratégicas, or SGDC) began broadcasting on July 5. The satellite will be controlled by the Brazilian Air Force (FAB).
The SGDC satellite is developed by Brazil’s Ministry of Defense (MD) and Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communications (MTIC) with a total investment of about R$ 2.7 billion.
The satellite was launched on May 4 abroad an Ariane 5 launch vehicle from the Kourou Space Centre in French Guiana, and has since been subject to orbital tests and functional tests coordinated by the military.
The satellite, with an estimated lifespan of 18 years, is positioned in a geostationary orbit, 75 degrees west, about 36,000 kilometers from Earth. The satellite was the first built by Brazil with both military and civilian purposes.
“The SGDC has received the Band X payload, which will guarantee more security in our military communications and increase the operational capacity of the Armed Forces,” explained Deputy Chief of the Space Operations Centre (COPE), Aviator Colonel Sidney César Coelho Alves.
The satellite will have the civilian mission of bringing broadband internet to all Brazilian territory to aid the implementation of the National Broadband Plan. The satellite will allow more than 7,000 public network computers to connect to the Internet.