The first S-300PMU-2 advanced surface-to-air missile (SAM) system, to be operated by the Syrian Air Defense Force, arrived at the Hmeimim Air Base in Latakia, Syria on Sept. 27, according to unconfirmed reports.
The system was reportedly transported from Russia to Syria on board a Russian Air Force An-124-100 heavy airlifter. During the arrival of the cargo aircraft, ten RuAF Su-30/35 fighter jets patrolled in the Syrian airspace to protect the shipment from any attacks.
#BREAKING: #Syria‘s first S-300PMU-2 SAM system arrived #Hmeimim AB, #Latakia aboard a #Russia|n Air Force’s An-124-100 cargo airplane minutes ago. To protect it from danger of #Israel Air Force airstrikes, 10 Su-30/35s of #Russian Air Force are patrolling over #Syria now. https://t.co/yrzfUTf1Mh
— Babak Taghvaee (@BabakTaghvaee) September 27, 2018
Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu had announced earlier this week that his country will deliver advanced S-300 air defense missile system to the Syrian Armed Forces within two weeks.
“A modern S-300 air defense missile system will be transferred to the Syrian armed forces within two weeks,” he said. The system will “significantly increase the Syrian army’s combat capabilities,” he added.
The decision to deliver the air defense system to Syria came a week after Moscow blamed Israel for indirectly causing the downing of a Russian military plane in Syria. It is to be also noted that Russia already has its own S-300 air defense system in Syria, along with the more advanced S-400 system.
Last week, a Russian Air Force Il-20 surveillance aircraft was downed by an S-200 surface-to-air missile (SAM) operated by the Syrian Air Defense Force (SyADF), when it was returning to the Khmeimim airbase in Syria. The crash killed 15 Russian service members. Russia claimed that Israeli pilots conducting airstrikes in Latakia, Syria used the Il-20 as a cover which resulted in the downing of the Russian aircraft.
“The Israeli pilots used the Russian plane as cover and set it up to be targeted by the Syrian air defense forces. As a consequence, the Il-20, which has radar cross-section much larger than the F-16, was shot down by an S-200 system missile,” said the MoD statement released after the incident.
Israel has denied the accusations and blamed Syria for the downing of the aircraft.
S-300 (NATO reporting name SA-10 Grumble) is a Russian long range surface-to-air (SAM) missile systems produced by NPO Almaz. The S-300 is regarded as one of the most potent anti-aircraft missile systems currently fielded by any country.
The S-300 system was developed to defend against aircraft and cruise missiles for the Soviet Air Defence Forces. Subsequent variations were developed to intercept ballistic missiles. The system is fully automated, though manual observation and operation are also possible.
The system was first deployed by the Soviet Union in 1979, designed for the air defence of large industrial and administrative facilities, military bases and control of airspace against enemy strike aircraft.
An evolved version of the S-300 system is the S-400 (NATO reporting name SA-21 Growler), which entered service in 2004.