France has been fully integrate with the Combined Space Operations (CSpO) initiative with the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).
The MoU was signed by General Michel Friedling, the Commander of French Joint Space Command, on behalf of the Minister of the Armed Forces Florence Parly, at a meeting of national representatives of the CSpO initiative, on February 11 and 12 in Ottawa.
France’s participation in this initiative is part of France’s space strategy, decided by the President of the Republic and presented by the Minister of the Armed Forces on July 25, 2019.
CSpO aims to coordinate the efforts made by each of the participating nations in the area of space defense. It also seeks to improve space capabilities, whether national or collective, and to facilitate combined space operations between participants.
The challenge is to be able to coordinate allied capacities, increase their resilience to provide support for multi-domain operations, guarantee free access to space and protect the resources there. find, if necessary in a coalition.
A multilateral forum for coordination, reflection and exchange, CSpO offers the opportunity to achieve these different objectives. Regular work is carried out within several working groups in which staff from the Space Command (CDE) of the Air Force, the General Directorate of Armament (DGA) and the General Directorate participate International Relations and Strategy (DGRIS).
This initiative initially brought together the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. France and Germany joined it as observers in 2016, then as associate members in 2017. From now on, by the decision of Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces, France will participate in it in a full and complete manner, which raises to seven the number of participating nations.