Halifax Shipyard, a subsidiary of Irving Shipbuilding Inc., has conducted the keel laying ceremony of Royal Canadian Navy’s third Arctic and Offshore Patrol Ship (AOPS), the future HMCS Max Bernays, at its facility in Halifax, Nova Scotia on Dec. 5.
A keel-laying ceremony is one of the most significant dates in a ship’s life. In shipbuilding tradition, a coin is laid on the keel of a ship during construction and remains embedded within the ship’s structure for its entire life to invite good luck for all who sail in it.
During the ceremony, welder Vicki Berg laid a coin on the keel of the ship. The Arctic and Offshore Patrol Ships are built in modules and do not have a traditional keel that runs the length of the ship. Instead, Ms. Berg placed the coin on the first keel unit of the centre section of the ship while declaring the keel well and truly laid.
The coin placed in the keel of the future HMCS Max Bernays is the fifth in the Canadian Mint Second World War Battlefield series. It captures the intensity of the Battle of the Atlantic, time at which Chief Petty Officer Bernays performed the actions that earned him honours and a celebrated place amongst Canadian Naval heroes. The coin selected conveys a real sense of the dangers faced by those who sailed the seas between 1939 and 1945 and is a tribute to all the Canadians who fought in the longest campaign of the Second World War.
The keel laying ceremony was attended by Rear-Admiral Craig Baines, Commander of Maritime Forces Atlantic, Chief Petty Officer First Class Derek Kitching, Formation Chief Petty Officer, and Chief Petty Officer 1st Class Sylvain Jaquemot, Fleet Chief, Canadian Pacific Fleet.
The construction of the future HMCS Max Bernays was started in December last year with a steel cutting ceremony. Once completed, the vessel will be turned over to the Royal Canadian Navy, and will be the first Arctic and Offshore Patrol Ship to join Maritimes Forces Pacific (MARPAC).
Chief Petty Officer Max Bernays
The Harry DeWolf-class Arctic and Offshore Patrol Ships under construction at the Halifax Shipyard are the first class of Royal Canadian Navy ships named after Canadian war heroes.
Chief Petty Officer Max Leopold Bernays is a Canadian naval hero who served as the Coxswain of His Majesty’s Canadian Ship Assiniboine during the Battle of the Atlantic.
On 6 August 1942, in an intense surface gun action against the German submarine U-210, HMCS Assiniboine maneuvered in and out of fog attempting to ram and sink the enemy submarine. Both vessels were firing high explosive shells at very close range, causing a fire which engulfed the bridge and wheelhouse of Assiniboine.
Surrounded by smoke and flames, while steering the ship, CPO Bernays ordered the two junior sailors to get clear, leaving him alone at the helm and trapped by the blaze. Besieged by flames, he executed all the helm orders as Assiniboine maneuvered for position against the U-boat, and did the work of the two telegraphmen, dispatching over 130 telegraph orders to the engine room. Several bullets and shells penetrated the wheelhouse as the enemy concentrated their machine-gun and cannon fire on the bridge. Eventually Assiniboine rammed and sank U-210 in what was considered to be an extremely hard-fought action, during which the Canadians suffered one fatality and 13 wounded.
He was awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal for his valour and dauntless devotion to duty during the action. Post-war he stayed in the RCN and retired as a Chief Petty Officer on February 20, 1960. He died in North Vancouver, BC on 30 March 1974.
RCN Arctic and Offshore Patrol Ship Program
The 103 metre Arctic and Offshore Patrol Ships will patrol Canada’s oceans, including the Arctic, and are perfectly suited for missions abroad to support international partners, humanitarian aid and disaster relief (HADR), search and rescue (SAR), and drug interdiction.
Construction of the first Arctic and Offshore Patrol Ship, the future HMCS Harry DeWolf, started at Halifax Shipyard in September 2015 and the ship was launched on Sept. 15, 2018. Work to prepare the ship for sea trials in 2019 will continue at Halifax Shipyard. Harry DeWolf is scheduled to be turned over to the Royal Canadian Navy in 2019.
Construction of the second Arctic and Offshore Patrol Ship, the future HMCS Margaret Brooke, is well underway at Halifax Shipyard, with the fourth, the future HMCS William Hall, starting construction later this year. The first two major sections of the future HMCS Margaret Brooke, the centre and stern mega-blocks, are assembled at land level and the bow section is under construction.
In November, the Government of Canada announced a sixth Arctic and Offshore Patrol Ship will be built by Halifax Shipyard. A sixth patrol ship will greatly increase the capacity of the Navy to deploy AOPS simultaneously, at home or abroad. Additionally, a fleet of six AOPS will allow the frigates to focus on further tasks, allowing the RCN to use its fleet more effectively.
The Artic and Offshore Patrol Ship Program is part of Canada’s National Shipbuilding Strategy (NSS). The Strategy was created to replace the current surface fleets of the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) and the Canadian Coast Guard (CCG).
Through a competitive, open and transparent process, Irving Shipbuilding was also selected to construct the Royal Canadian Navy’s future combatant fleet—Arctic and Offshore Patrol Vessels followed by Canadian Surface Combatants (CSC).