India’s Strategic Forces Command (SFC) has conducted the first night trial of its Agni-II nuclear-capable medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) on Nov. 16.
The test launch was conducted from a mobile launcher at Launch Complex-4 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at the Dr Abdul Kalam Island (earlier called as Wheeler Island) off the Odisha coast.
Agni-II is in operation with the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) of the Indian Armed Forces. The Strategic Forces Command (SFC) sometimes called Strategic Nuclear Command, forms part of India’s Nuclear Command Authority (NCA) and is responsible for the management and administration of the country’s tactical and strategic nuclear weapons stockpile.
Agni-II was developed as part of medium- and long-range Agni series of missile systems.
The 20-meter long missile has a launch weight of 17 tonnes and can carry a payload of 1,000 kg over a distance of 2,000 km. Agni-II can reach all of Pakistan and most parts of south and southeastern China.
The missile has two solid-fuel stages and a Post Boost Vehicle (PBV) integrated into the missile’s Re-entry Vehicle (RV). It is equipped with an advanced high accuracy navigation system and guided by a unique command and control system. Agni’s manoeuvring RV is made of a carbon-carbon composite material that is light and able to sustain high thermal stresses of re-entry, in a variety of trajectories.
The missile was developed by the Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL) in collaboration with the Defence Research Development Laboratory (DRDL) and the Research Centre Imarat (RCI). All the laboratories are under the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), which is under the administrative control of Indian Ministry of Defence.
The Agni-II missile is integrated at the Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), Hyderabad.