India Test-Fires Akash Mk1S Surface-to-Air Missile with Indigenous Seeker

India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully test-fired Akash MK1S surface-to-air missile (SAM) with an indigenous seeker twice last week.

The test launches were conducted on May 25 and 27 from Chandipur Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Odhisa.

Akash Mk1S is an upgrade of existing Akash surface-to-air missile with an indigenous seeker, which can neutralize advanced aerial targets. The Akash weapon system has combination of both command guidance and active terminal seeker guidance.

Seeker and guidance performance have been consistently established in both the test launches and all the mission objectives have been met, said a statement from the Indian Ministry of Defence.

Akash SAM

Akash is a medium-range mobile surface-to-air missile (SAM) system developed by Indian state-owned defence development agency, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

The missile systems are produced by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) while radars and control centers are manufactured by Bharat Electronics (BEL).

The missile has a 60 kg (130 lb) high-explosive, pre-fragmented warhead with a proximity fuse.
The missile system can target aircraft up to 30 km away, at altitudes up to 18,000 m. It has the capability to “neutralise aerial targets like fighter jets, cruise missiles and air-to-surface missiles”. The system provides air defence missile coverage for an area of 2,000 km².

An Akash battery comprises a single Rajendra 3D passive electronically scanned array (PESA) radar and four launchers with three missiles each, all of which are interlinked. Each battery can track up to 64 targets and attack up to 12 of them.

The Akash system is fully mobile and capable of protecting a moving convoy of vehicles. The launch platform has been integrated with both wheeled and tracked vehicles.

The system is in operational service with the Indian Army and the Indian Air Force.

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