The Indian Navy Kolkata-class stealth guided-missile destroyer INS Kochi (D64) has conducted practice firing of a BrahMos supersonic cruise missile while underway in the Arabian Sea.
The BrahMos supersonic anti-ship/land-attack supersonic cruise missile, which was jointly developed by India and Russia, is a tested and proven missile system and forms the primary weapon on-board Kolkata-class ships.
BrahMos is a two-stage missile with a solid propellant booster engine as its first stage which brings it to supersonic speed and then gets separated. The liquid ramjet or the second stage then takes the missile closer to 3 Mach speed in the cruise phase. Stealth technology and guidance system with advanced embedded software provides the missile with special features.
The missile has a flight range of up to 290-km with supersonic speed all through the flight, leading to shorter flight time, consequently ensuring lower dispersion of targets, quicker engagement time and non-interception by any known weapon system in the world.
It operates on the ‘Fire and Forget Principle’, adopting varieties of flights on its way to the target. Its destructive power is enhanced due to large kinetic energy on impact. Its cruising altitude could be up to 15 km and the terminal altitude is as low as 10 meters. It carries a conventional warhead weighing 200 to 300 kgs.
The missile has an identical configuration for land, sea and sub-sea platforms and uses a Transport Launch Canister (TLC) for transportation, storage, and launch.