India’s Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM) system has achieved a major milestone by a direct hit on to a Banshee pilotless target aircraft at medium range and medium altitude.
The QRSAM missile was launched from Integrated Test Range (ITR) Chandipur off the Odisha Coast on Nov 13 at 1550 hours. The missile is propelled by a single stage solid propellant rocket motor and uses all indigenous subsystems. The missile is canisterised for transportation and launch using a mobile launcher capable of carrying 6 missiles.
All QRSAM weapon system elements like Battery Multifunction Radar, Battery Surveillance Radar, Battery Command Post Vehicle and Mobile Launcher were deployed in the flight test. The system is capable of detecting and tracking targets on the move and engaging target with short halts. The system is designed to give air defence coverage against strike columns of Indian Army.
The radar tracked the Banshee target from farthest range and missile was launched when target was within kill zone and achieved the direct hit with terminal active homing by RF seeker guidance. All range tracking stations, radar, EOTs and telemetry stations monitored the flight parameters.
The QRSAM missile is an all-weather, all-terrain surface-to-air missile (SAM) being developed by the state-owned defence R&D agency, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in association with Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) for the Indian Army.
The single-stage solid propelled missile has a midcourse inertial navigation system (INS) with a two-way data link and terminal active seeker developed indigenously by DRDO. It is equipped with electronic countermeasures against jamming by aircraft radars.
The missile system can be mounted on a truck and is stored in a canister. It uses a solid-fuel propellant and has a strike range of 25 to 30 km.
The development program is led by DRDO’s Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL).