Iran has tested its indigenously developed air defence system, designed to match the Russian S-300, the head of the Revolutionary Guards’ air defence has said. “In parallel with the deployment of the S-300, work on
“In parallel with the deployment of the S-300, work on Bavar-373 system is underway,” Farzad Esmaili told state broadcaster IRIB yesterday. “The system is made completely in Iran and some of its parts are different from the S-300. All of its sub-systems have been completed and its missile tests have been conducted”, he added.
On Saturday, the new defence minister Amir Hatami said Iran has “a specific plan to boost missile power”. He said he hoped “the combat capabilities of Iran’s ballistic and cruise missiles” would increase in the next four years.
The comments came amid increasing tensions with Washington, which has passed new sanctions against Iran’s ballistic missile programme.
About Bavar 373:
Bavar (which means “belief”) is Tehran’s first long-range missile defence system and is set to be operational by March 2018. The missile system was unveiled in August 2016.
Bavar-373 will utilize Sayyad-4 missile, which is contained in two rectangular launch canisters. No formal information was given about this missile but it appears from news photos that Sayyad-4 is similar to Sayyad-3 on wings and control surfaces, however, it varies lightly in frontal shape.
The canisters containing the Sayyad-4 missiles are to be carried on the Zoljanah 10×10 truck.
Bavar-373 uses a phased array radar for tracking aerodynamic targets and ballistic missiles in medium to long ranges, mounted on the ZAFAR heavy truck. One of the radars used in Bavar-373 is Meraj (Ascension), a phased array radar with a range of 450 km which uses fuzzy logic techniques to spot targets. Meraj can track up to 200 targets simultaneously.
In 2010, Iran began manufacturing Bavar-373 after the purchase of the S-300 from Russia was suspended due to international sanctions. Russia resumed the sale following the 2015 nuclear deal with world powers which lifted sanctions, and Iran’s S-300 defence system became operational in March.