The U.S., the UK and France have conducted strikes on three Syrian sites involving manned aircraft and ship-based missiles in the early hours of Saturday, in response to the alleged chemical weapons attack on civilians in Douma.
The military assets used for the strike are:
USS Monterey (CG-61), a U.S. Navy Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser, participated in the strike by launching 40 Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles (TLAM) from its position in the Red Sea.
Norfolk-based guided-missile cruiser @USSMonterey #CG61 fires a Tomahawk land attack missile, April 14, 2018. Monterey is deployed @US5thFleet AOR in support of maritime security ops to reassure allies & partners, & preserve freedom of navigation & free flow of commerce in region pic.twitter.com/s8QRgQpunH
— U.S. Fleet Forces (@USFleetForces) April 14, 2018
USS Laboon (DDG-58), an Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer, launched 7 Tomahawk missiles from its position in the Red Sea.
USS Higgins (DDG-76), another Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer, launched 23 Tomahawk missiles from its position in the Northern part of the Persian Gulf.
USS John Warner (SSN-785), a Virginia-class fast attack submarine, launched 6 Tomahawk missiles while been positioned in the Eastern Mediterranean.
Watch as @USNavy #sailors aboard #USSJohnWarner (SSN 765) launch a Tomahawk land attack missile on April 14, the from the #MediterraneanSea as part of a multi-national strike operation against the Syrian government. @subgru2 pic.twitter.com/0ynZsRjjPc
— U.S. Dept of Defense (@DeptofDefense) April 14, 2018
Two U.S. Air Force B-1B Lancer strategic bombers, from its 34th Bomb Squadron, deployed to Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar fired 19 AGM-158B JASSM-ER (Joint Air to Surface Standoff Missile-Extended Range) cruise missiles. This is the first known combat use of the missile.
The 34th Bomb Squadron is part of the 28th Bomb Wing based at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota.
A @usairforce B-1B Lancer, deployed to Al Udeid Air Base from the @28thBombWing launches a strike as part of the multinational response to Syria’s use of chemical weapons. #Airpower pic.twitter.com/V4K0AfjEp3
— US AFCENT (@USAFCENT) April 14, 2018
A @28thBombWing #B1B Lancer takes off on a strike mission April 13, in support of the multinational response to #Syria’s recent use of chemical weapons. Two B-1Bs employed 19 JASSM-ER, the first combat employment of the weapon. #AirPower pic.twitter.com/XVzZEodHN3
— U.S. Dept of Defense (@DeptofDefense) April 15, 2018
Four British Royal Air Force (RAF) Tornado GR4 ground attack aircraft, supported by four Eurofighter Typhoon fighter jets, fired a total of eight Storm Shadow missiles.
— Ministry of Defence 🇬🇧 (@DefenceHQ) April 14, 2018
Five French Air Force Rafale fighter jets fired 9 SCALP EG (French name of Storm Shadow) missiles during the strike. France also deployed five Mirage 2000-5F fighters, two E-3 airborne early warning and control planes and six C-135FR tankers.
Cette nuit, sur ordre du Président de la République, les armées françaises, en étroite coordination avec les armées américaines et britanniques, ont mené une opération en Syrie. pic.twitter.com/gAvclwA8r3
— Florence Parly (@florence_parly) April 14, 2018
Décollage, cette nuit, des forces armées françaises qui interviennent contre l’arsenal chimique clandestin du régime syrien. Déclaration du Président de la République @EmmanuelMacron : https://t.co/HNSK0FmZIO pic.twitter.com/DEAW7R50aC
— Élysée (@Elysee) April 14, 2018
The French Navy Aquitaine-class multipurpose frigates fired three Missile de Croisière (MdCN – a variant of SCALP/Storm Shadow) naval land attack missiles.
Tir d’un missile de croisière naval depuis une de nos frégates multimissions cette nuit en Méditerranée. Objectif : un site de production d’armes chimiques du régime syrien. pic.twitter.com/A4hO0EtkvQ
— Florence Parly (@florence_parly) April 14, 2018
The French Navy deployed a strike group in the Eastern Mediterranean consisting of one Cassard-class air-defense frigate, one Georges Leygues-class anti-submarine frigate, one Durance-class tanker and the Aquitaine-class multipurpose frigates Aquitaine (D650), Auvergne (D654), and Languedoc (D653).
According to US military’s Joint Staff, the allocation of missiles to targets was:
+ Barzeh research and development centre (Damascus): 57 Tomahawk and 19 JASSM-ER missiles.
+ Him Shinshar storage site (west of Homs): 9 Tomahawk, 8 British SCALP/Storm Shadow, 3 MdCN, and 2 French SCALP/Storm Shadow missiles.
+ Him Shinshar bunker (west of Homs): 7 French SCALP/Storm Shadow missiles.
Syria responded to the allied strikes using its air defense systems, and its state media aired a video of missiles being hit in the sky by Soviet-era S-200 Anti-Aircraft systems. Syrian state news agency SANA, as well as Colonel-General Sergei Rudskoi of the Russian military, claimed that Syria used Russian and Soviet air defense systems Pantsir-S1, S-125, S-200, Buk, and Kvadrat to shoot down the missiles.