Philippines, Bangladesh to Procure Turkish-Indonesian Kaplan MT Medium Tanks

The Philippines and Bangladesh has expressed willingness to procure 40 to 50 Turkish-Indonesian KAPLAN MT medium tanks each, Turkey’s Anadolu Agency reported citing Windu Paramata, the head of the medium tank project at Indonesia’s PT Pindad (Persero).

KAPLAN MT is co-produced by Turkish defense contractor FNSS Savunma Sistemleri A.Ş (FNSS Defence Systems) and PT Pindad. FNSS is a Turkish joint venture company owned 51% by Turkey’s Nurol Holding and 49% by BAE Systems.

“In October, we will be demonstrating medium tanks there, as a condition for the procurement of defense equipment in their countries,” Paramata told Anadolu Agency on Friday.

Paramata said the Indonesian Ministry of Defense also mulled purchasing the KAPLAN tanks but the ministry was still evaluating the number of units to be procured. Paramata said the Indonesian Army’s Research and Development Agency had certified the medium tank earlier this year.

Paramata praised the Turkish-Indonesian battle tank as featuring the most recent technology in the global defense industry. Poland followed suit in producing a similar tank, Paramata said, adding, however, that the country was still at the concept stage.

Paramata said the medium tank is suitable for use in countries in Southeast Asia, such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines as well as in other countries as it can operate at a maximum temperature of 50 degrees Celsius, and at a minimum temperature of – 30 degrees Celsius.

The Modern Medium Weight Tank, also known as the MMWT, is a collaborative tank program between Turkish manufacturer FNSS and Indonesian manufacturer PT Pindad. Temporary names for this tank includes Kaplan MT (Turkey), Harimau Hitam/Black Tiger (Indonesia).

MMWT is powered by a Caterpillar C13 diesel engine generating 711 HP, coupled with Allison/Caterpillar X300 transmission. With a maximum speed of 43.4 mph, the vehicle’s range is 280 miles. During the test the tank is able to reach 76 km/h in road speed. The prototype is able to cross 2 m trench and 0.9 m vertical obstacle.

The tank is equipped with a Cockerill CT-CV 105HP turret incorporating a 105mm smoothbore high pressure gun, developed by CMI (Cockerill Maintenance & Ingenierie SA Defense), with an advanced autoloader to deliver high lethality at very light weight. Kaplan MT is also armed with a secondary 7.62mm coaxial machine gun.

The hull armour of MMWT is using modular armour. It is categorized as STANAG 4569 level 4 protection, which means the tank can withstand 14.5×114mm AP rounds at 200 meters with 911 m/s velocity. The underbelly of the tank uses V-hull, able to withstand 10 kg AT mine under the tracks and under the center. Due to modularity, the armour can be augmented to level 5 protection (withstand 25 mm APDS-T at 500 m with 1258 m/s velocity) without increasing the volume of the tank, with the frontal arc able to withstand 30 mm rounds.

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