Romania signed an agreement to purchase Raytheon’s Patriot Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) system from the U.S. Army.
The agreement, formally referred to as a Letter of Offer and Acceptance (LoA), paves the way for Romania’s Patriot force to rapidly reach Initial Operational Capability (IOC), and sets the stage for the U.S. government to begin contract negotiations with Raytheon.
Romania has earlier requested the sale of seven Patriot Configuration-3+ Modernized Fire Units consisting of: seven AN/MPQ-65 radar sets, seven AN/MSQ-132 engagement control stations, 13 antenna mast groups, 28 M903 launching stations, 56 Patriot MIM-104E Guidance Enhanced Missile-TBM (GEM-T) missiles, 168 Patriot Advanced Capabilty-3 (PAC-3) Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE) missiles, and seven Electrical Power Plants (EPP) III.
The U.S. State Department has approved the Foreign Military Sale (FMS) on July 10 for $3.9 billion.
Raytheon’s Patriot Solutions is a missile defense system consisting of radars, command-and-control technology and multiple types of interceptors, all working together to detect, identify and defeat tactical ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, drones, advanced aircraft and other threats. Patriot is the foundation of integrated air and missile defense for 13 nations.
Patriot is a purely defensive system that is the backbone of NATO’s defense against ballistic and cruise missiles, advanced aircraft and drones. Romania’s procurement of the system will help the country meet its NATO commitment to spend at least 2% of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on defense.
“With its newly built Patriot capability, Romania’s military will have the ability to defend Romania and its NATO allies,” said Tom Laliberty, Raytheon vice president of Integrated Air and Missile Defense. “Patriot will also enable Romanian air defenders to train, exercise and interoperate with their U.S. and European counterparts.”
Thirteen other nations depend on Patriot to protect their citizens and armed forces, including the U.S. and four other European nations: Germany, Greece, the Netherlands and Spain.
“This procurement will create jobs in both the U.S. and Romania,” Laliberty added. “Raytheon is developing long-term relationships with Romanian companies to help us build and sustain Romania’s Patriot fleet.”
Romania will receive the Patriot Configuration 3+, the most advanced configuration available, as well as an undisclosed quantity of GEM-T and PAC-3 MSE interceptor missiles. These interceptors will enable Romania’s military to defeat current and emerging threats.
MIM-104 Patriot is a surface-to-air missile (SAM) system manufactured by Raytheon and derives its name from the radar component of the weapon system.
The AN/MPQ-53 at the heart of the system is known as the “Phased array Tracking Radar to Intercept on Target” which is a backronym for PATRIOT.
The Patriot System is the U.S. Army’s primary High to Medium and medium tactical Air Defense system. In addition to these roles, Patriot has been given the function of the U.S. Army’s anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system, which is now Patriot’s primary mission. The system is expected to stay fielded until at least 2040.
Patriot uses an advanced aerial interceptor missile and high-performance radar systems.
Patriot systems are currently deployed in Republic of China (Taiwan), Germany, Greece, Israel, Japan, Kuwait, the Netherlands, Poland, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Spain.
The Patriot system gained notoriety during the Persian Gulf War of 1991 with the claimed engagement of over 40 Iraqi Scud missiles.