Turkey is scheduled to receive the first batch of Russia’s S-400 air defense systems from Russia in 2019, the Turkish Defense Minister Nurettin Canikli was quoted as saying.
While speaking to the parliament’s Planning and Budget Committee, Canikli said the agreement for the procurement of two S-400 missile system was signed, one of which will be optional.
Turkey has been in negotiations with Russia to buy the S-400 for more than a year, a decision seen by Washington and some of its other allies in NATO as a snub to the Western military alliance.
Turkey has also had negotiations with the Franco-Italian EUROSAM consortium on developing its own missile defense systems, after signing a defense cooperation memorandum between the three countries. Turkish, French and Italian firms have started cooperation to identify, develop, produce and use a more advanced version of the SAMP-T missile system in a common consortium.
The S-400 Triumf (SA-21 Growler) is a long-range anti-aircraft and anti-missile defense system that has been in service with the Russian Army since 2007.
The S-400 can engage targets at a distance of 400 kilometers and at an altitude of up to 30 kilometers. It is designed to destroy aircraft, cruise and ballistic missiles, including medium-range missiles, and surface targets.
The system uses four missiles, a very-long-range 400 km missile, a long-range 250 km missile, a medium-range 120 km missile and a short-range 40 km missile.
The S-400 is currently operated by Russian, Belarussian and Chinese Armed Forces. Turkey and India are awaiting the delivery of the system.