Russia has successfully test-launched its 3M22 Tsirkon hypersonic missile from the Project 22350 frigate Admiral Gorshkov on Oct. 6.
The Anti-ship cruise missile (ASCM) was launched from the frigate while underway in the White Sea against a sea target located in the Barents Sea. According to Russian Ministry of Defence (MoD) statement, the missile destroyed the target at a distance of 450 km with a direct hit.
The statement said that the missile was flying with a speed of over Mach 8 – 8 times the speed of sound – during the test.
The Defence Ministry said that the flight test of the Tsirkon hypersonic missile will continue into the future. Russia plans to equip the Navy’s new submarines and surface ships with this new missile.
The MOD has also released a video of the test:
3M22 Tsirkon/ Zircon
The 3M22 Tsirkon/3M22 Zircon (Циркон, NATO reporting name: SS-N-33) is a scramjet-powered maneuvering hypersonic anti-ship/land-attack cruise missile developed by Russia.
The missile is designed and developed by NPO Mashinostroyeniya as a further development of its HELA (Hypersonic Experimental Flying Vehicle) concept that was on display at the 1995 MAKS Air Show.
The Zircon is believed to be a winged cruise missile with a lift-generating center body. A booster stage with solid-fuel engines accelerates it to supersonic speeds, after which a scramjet motor in the second stage accelerates it to hypersonic speeds.
Tsirkon is claimed to have a maximum flight speed of about Mach 9 and a maximum range capability of over 1,000 km. The missile can reportedly hit both naval and ground targets making it both an anti-ship missile (AShM) as well as a land-attack cruise missile (LACM).
Russian Frigate Admiral Gorshkov
Admiral Gorshkov (417) is an Admiral Gorshkov class frigate of the Russian Navy and the lead ship of the class. The ship is named after Hero of the Soviet Union Sergey Gorshkov.
The vessel was laid down on 1 February 2006, launched on 29 October 2010 and commissioned on 28 July 2018 with Russia’s Northern Fleet.
Admiral Gorshkov-class frigates displace 4,500 tonnes and can develop a speed of 29 knots. They are armed with P-800 Oniks and Kalibr anti-ship and land-attack cruise missiles, and the Poliment-Redut air defense missile system.