Russia is expected to complete the testing of its new RS-28 Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) by next year end, TASS news agency reported citing Dmitry Rogozin, Head of Russia’s State Space Corporation Roscosmos.
“Firing tests are already underway. The bulk of firing tests will be completed by the end of the year. We expect the closing stage of tests at the end of next year,” he was quoted as saying.
The RS-28 Sarmat, with NATO reporting name SS-X-30 Satan 2, is a liquid-fueled, MIRV-equipped, superheavy thermonuclear armed ICBM, in development by Russia’s Makeyev Rocket Design Bureau. The missile is considered as Russia’s response to the U.S. Prompt Global Strike (PGS) effort.
The missile has a liftoff weight of 100 tons, a payload of 10 tons and an operational range of over 10,000 km.
Its large payload would allow it to be armed with up to 10 heavy MIRV warheads or 15 lighter ones (350 kilotons yield each) or up to 24 under-development Avangard hypersonic glide vehicles, or a combination of warheads and massive amounts of countermeasures designed to defeat anti-missile systems.
The Russian Strategic Missile Troops divisions stationed outside of Krasnoyarsk and Orenburg were earlier announced to be the first to receive the new missiles.
The new ICBM will replace R-20V/R-36M2 Voevoda (NATO reporting name, SS-18 Satan) missile. R-36 is the world’s heaviest strategic missile with a weight of 211 tons. It can carry a payload of 8.8 tons and has a range of 11,000 km.