The Russian Aerospace Forces’ Air Defence and Missile Defence Force has successfully conducted a test launch of a new modernised Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) at the Sary-Shagan training ground in Kazakhstan.
Army Major General Andrey Prikhodko, Deputy Commander of the Air Defence and Missile Defence Force, said during the event that “the new modernised ABM of the Missile Defence System successfully accomplished the task and engaged the simulated target at the assigned time.”
The Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) System is currently in service with the Russian Aerospace Forces, and is designed to protect the city of Moscow against possible aerospace attacks, as well as to support the missile attack warning systems and outer space control.
A-135 anti-ballistic missile system
A-135 (NATO: ABM-3) anti-ballistic missile system is a Russian military complex deployed around Moscow to counter enemy missiles targeting the city or its surrounding areas.
It became operational during 1995. It is a successor to the previous A-35, and complies with the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM Treaty or ABMT).
A-135 consists of the Don-2N battle management radar and two types of ABM missiles. It gets its data from the wider Russian early warning system which is sent to the command centre which then forwards tracking data to the Don-2N radar.
The A-135 system attained “alert” (operational) status on February 17, 1995.
Russia has currently deployed 68 launchers of short-range 53T6 (NATO: SH-08 ‘Gazelle’) endoatmospheric interceptor nuclear-tipped missiles at five launch sites with 12 or 16 missiles each. Designed by NPO Novator, similar to US Sprint missile. These are tested roughly annually at the Sary Shagan test site.
The system is operated by the 9th Division of Anti-Missile Defence, part of the Air Defence and Missile Defence Command of the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces.
The system’s 51T6 (NATO reporting name: SH-11) component was deactivated in February 2007.
The successor system, dubbed ‘Samolet-M’ (and more recently A-235) supposedly will employ a new, conventional, variant of the 53T6 missile to be deployed in the former 51T6 silos.