Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) has successfully launched a GLONASS-M navigation satellite abroad a Soyuz-2.1B medium-lift rocket on March 16.
The rocket lifted off at 21: 28 (Moscow time) from the launch pad No. 4 of the Site 43 launch complex (Site 43/4) at Plesetsk cosmodrome in the Arkhangelsk region.
All pre-launch operations and the launch of the Soyuz-2.1B space rocket (SPR) took place in normal mode. The Russian orbital group’s ground-based automated control system controlled the launch and flight of the rocket.
GLONASS-M, also known as Uragan-M, is the second generation of Uragan satellite design used as part of the Russian GLONASS radio-based satellite navigation system.
This is the second launch of the Soyuz-2 rocket carrier, conducted in 2020 from the Plesetsk cosmodrome. The previous launch of Soyuz-2 from the Northern cosmodrome, carrying Meridian-M military communications satellite, was successfully conducted out on February 20.
Flight tests of the Soyuz 2 rocket began at the Plesetsk cosmodrome on November 8, 2004. Over the past fifteen years, 44 Soyuz-2s were launched from the Northern cosmodrome of types 1-a, 1-b, and 1-v.
The Soyuz-2 rockets replaced the older Soyuz-U rockets, which were operated at the Plesetsk cosmodrome from 1973 to 2012. During this period, 435 Soyuz-U launches were carried out from Plesetsk, during which about 430 spacecraft for various purposes were put into orbit.