The Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) received the latest S-350 Vityaz anti-aircraft missile system, the country’s Ministry of Defence announced.
During the reception of the complex on the ground in the Astrakhan region, crews of the Anti-aircraft missile troops (AMT) training center fulfilled their tasks, including detection and simulated destruction of real air targets whose role was performed by MiG-29SMT fighter aircraft. In addition, AMT specialists conducted the initial firing of the complex.
According to the MoD statement, all tasks performed during the acceptance of the equipment are successfully completed. In the near future, the first S-350 anti-aircraft missile system will be delivered to a permanent deployment point in the Leningrad region.
The VKS is also expected to take delivery of four regimental sets of the S-400 Triumf anti-aircraft missile system and six divisional sets of the Pantsir-S complex in 2020 for anti-aircraft/air defense missions.
The 50R6 Vityaz or S-350E is a Russian medium-range surface-to-air missile system developed by GSKB Almaz-Antey to replace the older S-300PS and S-300PT-1A systems. The system was unveiled at the MAKS 2013 Airshow.
The design of the S-350 Vityaz system traces its roots from the joint South Korean/Russian KM-SAM project and uses the same 9M96 missile as the S-400 Triumf long-range anti-aircraft missile system. The system also complements the S-400 system in Russian service,
The S-350 Vityaz missile system consists of up to two 50N6A multifunctional passively electronically scanned array (PESA) radar stations, a 50K6A command post and up to eight (usually three) 50P6 launchers carrying 12 missiles each. All vehicles are based on a BAZ-6909 8×8 truck chassis manufactured by Bryansky Avtomobilny Zavod (BAZ, “Bryansk Automobile Plant”), also part of the Almaz-Antey holding.
The 50N6A radar stations provide 360° coverage for early detection, target illumination, and missile guidance. The missiles can either be 9M96/9M96E(E2) medium-range active radar homing guided missiles with 12–120 km (7.5–74.6 mi) range or 9M100 short-range IR-guided missiles with 10–15 km (6.2–9.3 mi) range. Both missiles are manufactured by Fakel Design Bureau.
The system can simultaneously engage up to 16 aerodynamic targets (aircraft, helicopters and cruise missiles) and up to 12 ballistic targets (ballistic missiles).