Russian Navy Tests Bastion Coastal Defense Missile System in Arctic for First Time

The Russian Navy Northern Fleet has test-fired its Bastion Coastal Defense Missile System from the Kotelny Island in the Arctic region for the first time.

During the test, a P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship cruise missile was launched from the K-300P Bastion-P system deployed on the Kotelny Island (New Siberian Islands). The footage released by the Russian MoD showed an Oniks missile shooting up in the air and then gliding above the sea towards a mock target, imitating an enemy naval task force, positioned 60 km away in the Laptev Sea.

The newly deployed system will augment the Rubezh (SSC-3 Styx) coastal anti-ship missile system already operated by the Northern Fleet.

K-300P Bastion-P (NATO reporting name: SS-C-5 Stooge) is a Russian mobile coastal defence missile system developed together with the Belarusian company Tekhnosoyuzproekt.

The main role of the Bastion-P is to engage surface ships including carrier battle groups, convoys, and landing craft.

The missile used by the Bastion-P is the P-800 Oniks (NATO reporting name: SS-N-26 “Strobile), a supersonic anti-ship cruise missile (AShCM). The export designation of the missile is Yakhont.

The Oniks/Yakhont’s maximum range varies at 120–300 km (75–186 mi; 65–162 nmi) using a low-low or hi-low flight trajectory respectively while carrying a a 200–250 kg (440–550 lb) warhead. The missile can travel at speeds of up to 2,700 km/h (some 1,700mph).

A typical Bastion-P battery is composed of 1-2 command and control vehicles based on the Kamaz 43101 6×6 truck, one support vehicle, four launcher vehicles based on the MZKT-7930 8×8 chassis each operated by a 3-man crew and holding two missiles, and four loader vehicles; launcher vehicles can be located up to 25 km (16 mi) away from the C2 vehicles.

Upon halting, missiles can be readied for firing within five minutes, and both fired in 2-5 second intervals. The mobile launcher can remain on active standby over a period of 3–5 days, or up to 30 days when accompanied by a combat duty support vehicle.

The missile is fired vertically from the launchers using a solid-fuel rocket booster for initial acceleration, then use a liquid-fuel ramjet for sustained cruising at Mach 2.5. Using GLONASS at the initial flight stage and active radar guidance when approaching a target, the missile can fly to an altitude of 14,000 m (46,000 ft) before descending to sea-skimming altitude of 5 m at the final stage, useful up to sea state 7.

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