Russian Navy warships had conducted firing exercises in the Caspian Sea, TASS news agency reported citing Russia’s Southern Military District’s press service.
Three fast attack craft deployed in the Navy’s Caspian Sea Fleet, the Grad Sviyazhsk, the Uglich and the Veliky Ustyug ( all are Project 21631 Buyan-M class corvettes) have completed training exercises to neutralize sea and air targets with missiles and artillery in naval drills, said the announcement.
“The crews have trained to carry out missile strikes against “enemy” ships from the Kalibr missile system. The missile strikes were carried out electronically, that is without actual missile takeoffs,” the report says.
The sea units also hammered out anti-ship defense, during which seamen shelled from artillery mounts on sea and invisible shore targets. Besides, the ship strike group, together with the servicemen from the anti-submarine commando worked out anti-sabotage ship defense while anchoring at unsafe roadstead.
The crews fired from the ships on a floating target and trained to throw grenades from hand-held grenade launchers, whereas the anti-submarine commando studied the underwater bodies of ships with the use of the Obzor and Osmotr undersea surveillance tools.
About Buyan-M class corvette:
Buyan-M class (Project 21631) corvettes are modified missile version of Buyan-class (Project 21630) corvettes. They are designed by by Zelenodolsk Design. This is one of the newest corvette designs of the Russian Navy.
The lead ship of the class, Grad Sviyazhsk, was laid down on 27 August 2010 and commissioned to the Caspian Sea Fleet in July 2014.
The Project 21631 ships are dedicated to the defense of Russia’s economic zones and its main purpose is engagement of surface warships. The ship is armed with missile and artillery weapons, and equipped with electronic countermeasure equipment.
The Buyan-M class corvettes are said to be armed with nuclear-capable Kalibr cruise missiles (NATO code name Sizzler) with a claimed range of at least 1,500 km. The ships’ small size and displacement enable them to operate within inland river systems, including traversing the Moscow Canal which allows them to deploy to various seas around western Russia.
This is a particular advantage for the Buyan-M series, because while the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty prohibits long-range cruise missiles from operating on land they can operate from ships, so a river-based corvette can deploy missiles without being subject to restrictions.