Russia’s newly formed battalion has received eight 2S4 Tulpan heavy self-propelled mortars during its first formation, on Dec. 1.
The statement from Russian Ministry of Defence said that the formation took place in artillery brigade of the 2nd Combined Arms Army.
The new unit have received hardware and equipment in accordance with the State Defence Order. This was announced by interim commander of the 2nd Combined Arms Army Major General Roman Berdnikov.
The added that the new unit will significantly enhance combat potential of the Army located in the Central MD.
2S4 Tulpan (also spelled Tyulpan) is a Soviet self-propelled mortar/ Mortar carrier. “2S4” is its GRAU designation. Its design is based on the GMZ tracked minelaying vehicle carrying an externally mounted M-240 240 mm breech-loading mortar on the rear of the hull.
The crew consists of four men, but an extra five are required to operate the mortar. This has a range of 9,650 m but an extended range munition exists with a possible range of 20,000 m.
Due to the large size of the weapon and the weight of the ammunition (130 kg for a standard projectile) it has a slow rate of fire: one round per minute.
In addition to the high explosive bombs, it can fire armour-piercing, chemical and nuclear rounds. It can also fire the “Smel’chak” (“Daredevil”), a laser-guided round.
The Tyulpan is currently the heaviest mortar in deployment among any country.
Russian Ministry of Defence