The U.S. State Department has made a determination approving a possible sale of 180 Javelin missiles and 79 Javelin Command Launch Units (CLUs) and related equipment to Poland for an estimated cost of $100 million.
The sale is to be conducted through the U.S. Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program and the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), which oversees the FMS sales, delivered the required certification notifying Congress of this possible sale on March 4.
The Government of Poland has earlier requested to buy 180 Javelin missiles and 79 Javelin CLUs. Also included are Basic Skill Trainers (BST), Missile Simulation Rounds (MSR), Battery Coolant Units (BCU), tool kits, modified 2-level maintenance parts, training, U.S. Government and contractor technical assistance, transportation and other related elements of logistics support.
The prime contractors of the possible sale will be Raytheon/Lockheed Martin Javelin Joint Venture located in Orlando, Florida and Tucson, Arizona.
Excerpt from a DSCA statement announcing the approval:
This proposed sale will support the foreign policy and national security of the United States by improving the security of a NATO ally and partner nation which is an important force for peace, political stability, and economic progress in Eastern Europe.
This proposed sale of the Javelin system will help Poland build its long-term defense capacity to defend its sovereignty and territorial integrity in order to meet its national defense requirements. Poland will have no difficulty absorbing this system into its armed forces.
The proposed sale of this equipment and support will not alter the basic military balance in the region.
FGM-148 Javelin is an American man-portable fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) fielded to replace the M47 Dragon anti-tank missile in U.S. service.
The system uses automatic infrared (IR) guidance that allows the user to seek cover immediately after launch, as opposed to wire-guided systems, like the Dragon, where the user has to actively guide the weapon throughout the engagement.
The Javelin’s HEAT (high-explosive anti-tank) warhead is capable of defeating modern tanks by attacking them from above where their armor is thinnest and is also useful against fortifications in a direct attack flight.
As of January 2019, over 5,000 Javelin missiles have been fired in combat.