The U.S. State Department has approved a possible sale of Naval Strike Missile (NSM) Coastal Defense Systems (CDS) to Romania for an estimated cost of $300 million.
The sale is being executed under the U.S. government’s Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program. The Department of Defense (DoD)’s Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), which overseas FMS sales, delivered the required certification notifying the Congress of this possible sale on Oct. 16.
The Government of Romania has requested to buy two Coastal Defense Systems (CDS) consisting of: up to ten Link-16 Multifunctional Information Distribution System – Joint Tactical Radio Systems (MIDS-JTRS). Also included are two Coastal Defense System Fire Distribution Centers; four Mobile Launch Vehicles; Transport Loading Vehicles; Naval Strike Missiles (NSM); non-operational Inert Handling/Loading Missile (IHM) to support missile handling and loading/unloading; training missile and equipment spares; associated containers; training and training equipment; publications and technical documentation; spares parts; loading and mobile maintenance support; U.S. Government and contractor engineering, technical, and logistics support services; and other related elements of logistical and program support. The estimated total cost is $300 million.
The DSCA statement said that this proposed sale will support the foreign policy and national security of the United States by helping to improve the security of a NATO Ally in developing and maintaining a strong and ready self-defense capability. Th statement added that the sale will enhance U.S. national security objectives in the region.
Romania will use the long-range, precision strike weapon to enhance mission effectiveness, survivability, and NATO interoperability in current and future missions and operations. The new weapon system will improve Romania’s capability to meet current and future threats by improving Romania’s maritime defense capabilities in the Black Sea and increasing interoperability with the United States.
The principal U.S. contractor will be Raytheon Missile and Defense, Tucson, AZ.
Naval Strike Missile (NSM)
The Naval Strike Missile is a long-range, precision anti-ship and land-attack missile developed by the Norwegian company Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace (KDA).
The state-of-the-art design and use of composite materials is meant to give the missile sophisticated stealth capabilities. The missile will weigh slightly more than 400 kg (880 lb) and have a range of at least 185 km (100 nm).
NSM is designed for littoral waters (brown water) as well as for open sea (green and blue water) scenarios. The usage of a high strength titanium alloy blast/fragmentation warhead from TDW is in line with the modern lightweight design and features insensitive high-explosive. Warhead initiation is by a void-sensing Programmable Intelligent Multi-Purpose Fuze designed to optimise effect against hard targets.
After being launched into the air by a solid rocket booster which is jettisoned upon burning out, the missile is propelled to its target in high subsonic speed by a turbojet sustainer engine—leaving the 125 kg multi-purpose blast/fragmentation warhead to do its work, which in case of a ship target means impacting the ship at or near the water line.