The U.S. Army announced the selection of Anniston Army Depot (ANAD) as the de-processing site for the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV) program, on April 13.
AMPV is replacing the Army’s M113 armored personnel carrier (APC) and the M113 Family of Vehicles (FoV) fleets. The 13 M113 variants have been in service with the Army since the Vietnam-era.
De-processing for the Army’s combat vehicles is a step that occurs prior to fielding vehicles for the first time.
“Think of it as the Army’s version of “dealer prep” when you buy a new vehicle,” said Maj. Gen. Brian Cummings, the Army’s program executive officer for Ground Combat Systems. “Combat vehicles are sent from the production facility to a dedicated location to complete any required updates and stage vehicles for final shipment to a unit.”
In early 2019, the Project Manager for Mounted Armored Vehicles (PM MAV) evaluated potential de-processing locations, including Army National Guard (ARNG) and multiple U.S. Army installations where PEO Ground Combat Systems already had an established Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT) footprint.
A total of nine potential sites were selected for the initial comparative analysis based on market research. Following the initial analysis, a detailed business case analysis was conducted on four sites that indicated they had adequate space to support the AMPV de-processing – Camp Shelby (Mississippi), Anniston Army Depot (Alabama), Fort Bliss (Texas) and Fort Carson (Colorado).
The AMPV program received its Milestone C approval in December 2019 and is currently in Low Rate Initial Production (LRIP), building an increased number of vehicles to get better capability into Soldiers’ hands quicker to address real-world situations.
“AMPV provides significant improvement in ballistic protection and is on-track for closing the operational gaps we are currently seeing in force protection,” said Cummings.
Unlike the M113s being replaced, the AMPV is specially designed to support the mission requirements of each variant: General Purpose, Mission Command, Mortar Carrier, Medical Evacuation, and Medical Treatment. The designs will provide mobility and protection that surpasses the level currently in the field in any formation and ready to support the Armored Brigade Combat Team as we move to modernize the formation with the Next Generation Combat Vehicles.
BAE Systems, the AMPV equipment manufacturer, has modernized the AMPV production line in their York, PA facility and is on contract to deliver the first 457 of 2,897 AMPVs, with initial vehicle delivery in the summer of 2020.
AMPV General Specifications:
• Weight: 75,000–80,000 pounds
• Sustained speed: 34-38 mph
• Acceleration (0-30 mph): 24 sec
• Cruising range (at 30 mph): 225 miles
• Crew Size: Two to four
• Weapons: Hosts M249, M240, M2 or MK-19; 120 mm mortar
The Army and BAE Systems are currently in low-rate production of the five AMPV variants:
• XM1283 General Purpose (GP): General-purpose variant to replace M113A3 APC. This variant accommodates two crew, six passengers, is reconfigurable to carry one litter, mount crew served weapon, integrates two Joint Tactical Radio System Handheld, Manpack and Small Form Fit (HMS) or two Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS), Vehicle Intercom (VIC)-3, Driver’s Vision Enhancer (DVE), Duke v3, and Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2)/Blue Force Tracker (BFT).
• XM1284 Medical Evacuation Vehicle (MEV): MEDEVAC variant to replace M113 AMEV armored medical evacuation vehicle. This variant includes room for three crew, six ambulatory patients or four litter patients or three ambulatory and two litter patients, two integrated HMS radios, VIC-3, DVE, Duke v3, FBCB2/BFT and the storage for Medical Equipment Sets.
• XM1285 Medical Treatment Vehicle (MTV): Medical treatment variant to replace M577A3 Medical Vehicle. This variant includes room for four crew, one litter patient and a patient treatment table.
• XM1287 Mortar Carrier Vehicle (MCV): Mortar carrier variant to replace M1064A3 Mortar Carrier. This variant accommodates two crew, two mortar crew, a mounted 120 mm mortar, 69 rounds of 120 mm ammunition, two HMS radios, a SINCGARS radio, VIC-3, DVE, Duke v3, FBCB2/BFT and M95 Mortar Fire Control System.
• XM1286 Mission Command (MCmd): Command and control variant to replace M1068A3 Command Post Carrier. This variant is the cornerstone of the Army’s ABCT Network Modernization Strategy. It takes advantage of increased size, weight, power and cooling limitations and provides a significant increase in command, control, communications and computer capability. The variant accommodates a driver and commander and two workstation operators, and its red side network provides full Tactical Command Post capabilities at brigade and battalion levels.