United Launch Alliance (ULA) Delta II rocket will launch the Joint Polar Satellite System-1 (JPSS-1) mission for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) at 1:47 a.m. PST on Friday, Nov. 10, from the Space Launch Complex 2 at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.
This launch will be ULA’s 123rd overall. This mission will mark the 53rd Delta II mission for NASA and 154th launch since the rocket’s first launch in 1989.
Previous Delta II missions for NASA include the Spirit and Opportunity Mars rovers as well as Suomi NPP, the first next-generation polar-orbiting satellite in the JPSS series.
Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS)
JPSS is the latest generation of U.S. polar-orbiting, non-geosynchronous, environmental satellites developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for the NOAA, an agency under the U.S. Department of Commerce, who is responsible for operation of JPSS.
JPSS will provide the global environmental data used in numerical weather prediction models for forecasts, and scientific data used for climate monitoring. JPSS will aid in fulfilling the mission of the NOAA
Data and imagery obtained from the JPSS will increase timeliness and accuracy of public warnings and forecasts of climate and weather events, thus reducing the potential loss of human life and property and advancing the national economy. Data from the JPSS system shall be made freely available, by the U.S. Government, to domestic and international users, in support of U.S. commitments for the Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS).
JPSS will replace the current Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites (POES), managed by NOAA and the ground processing component of both POES and the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP). Operational environmental requirements from polar-orbit are also met by the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) (now called the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership or Suomi NPP or S-NPP), which was launched on Oct. 28, 2011.
Two satellites are planned for the JPSS constellation of satellites. JPSS satellites will be flown and the scientific data from JPSS will be processed by the JPSS – Common Ground System (JPSS-CGS) developed by Raytheon.
JPSS satellites circle the Earth from pole-to-pole and cross the equator 14 times daily in the afternoon orbit–providing full global coverage twice a day.
Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. (BATC) is the spacecraft contractor for both the JPSS-1 satellite and the Ozone Mapper Profiler Suite (OMPS) instrument on the JPSS program.