The U.S. State Department has approved a possible Foreign Military Sale (FMS) of Patriot air defense systems, related support and equipment worth $3.9 billion to Romania, Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) said in a statement.
The Government of Romania has requested the possible sale of seven (7) Patriot Configuration-3+ Modernized Fire Units consisting of: seven (7) AN/MPQ-65 radar sets, seven (7) AN/MSQ-132 engagement control stations, thirteen (13) antenna mast groups, twenty-eight (28) M903 launching stations, fifty-six (56) Patriot MIM-104E Guidance Enhanced Missile-TBM (GEM-T) missiles, one hundred and sixty-eight (168) Patriot Advanced Capabilty-3 (PAC-3) Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE) missiles, and seven (7) Electrical Power Plants (EPP) III.
Also included with this request are communications equipment, tools and test equipment, support equipment, prime movers, generators, publications and technical documentation, training equipment, spare and repair parts, personnel training, TAFT team, U.S. Government and contractor technical, engineering, and logistics support services, Systems Integration and Checkout (SICO), field office support, and other related elements of logistics and program support.
The Defense Security Cooperation Agency delivered the required certification notifying Congress of this possible sale on July 10, 2017.
Romania will use the Patriot missile system to strengthen its homeland defense and deter regional threats. The proposed sale will increase the defensive capabilities of the Romanian military to guard against aggression and shield the NATO allies who often train and operate within Romania’s borders.
The prime contractors of the contract will be Raytheon Corporation and Lockheed-Martin.
MIM-104 Patriot is a surface-to-air missile (SAM) system manufactured by Raytheon and derives its name from the radarcomponent of the weapon system. The AN/MPQ-53 at the heart of the system is known as the “Phased array Tracking Radar to Intercept on Target” which is a backronym for PATRIOT. The Patriot System is the U.S. Army’s primary High to Medium and medium tactical Air Defense system. In addition to these roles, Patriot has been given the function of the U.S. Army’s anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system, which is now Patriot’s primary mission. The system is expected to stay fielded until at least 2040.
Patriot uses an advanced aerial interceptor missile and high-performance radar systems.
Patriot systems are currently deployed in Republic of China (Taiwan), Germany, Greece, Israel, Japan, Kuwait, the Netherlands, Poland, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Spain.
The Patriot system gained notoriety during the Persian Gulf War of 1991 with the claimed engagement of over 40 Iraqi Scud missiles.