US to Conduct First Joint Flight Test of A Future Hypersonic Weapon Next Year

The first joint flight test of a future hypersonic weapon will take place next year, the chief of U.S. Army’s hypersonic program said last month.

Lt. Gen. Neil Thurgood, Director of the Army’s new Rapid Capabilities and Critical Technologies Office (RCCTO) which includes the hypersonic project office, also added that the the first test will be followed by tests every six months until the weapon is fielded by fiscal year 2023.

Under the joint venture, the Army is responsible for producing the weapon’s Common Hypersonic Glide Body (C-HGB), which will also be used by the Air Force and Navy in their air-launched and sea-launched hypersonic weapons respectively.

In fiscal 2022, Army Soldiers are expected to fire a hypersonic glide body from a transporter erector launcher, Lt. Gen. Thurgood said.

“It is the first shoot ever off of the transporter erector launcher,” he said May 23 at the Land Forces Symposium, hosted by the Association of the U.S. Army. “It will be done by Soldiers.”

Prior to that test, the system will be fielded to a unit without the live rounds for training purposes in late fiscal 2021. Soldiers will practice command and control of the system as well as loading and offloading canisters, similar to those on Patriot and Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) systems.

Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD)
151010-F-FZ712-555 A Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) interceptor being launched against a medium-range ballistic missile target during the flight test, designated Flight Test Operational-01 (FTO-01), from the U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll/ Reagan Test Site in the western Pacific Ocean on September 10, 2013. (Missile Defense Agency courtesy photo)

“The reason we’re going to do that is because we need them to start training,” he said. “So when we get to the first (live round) shot a year later, they’ll actually know what it looks like.”

The Army plans to field the system to a battery. That unit, which Thurgood said could include a part of the Multi-Domain Task Force that is currently being piloted and headed by a field artillery brigade, will receive four launchers with two rounds each.

The launchers, which are about 30 feet long, will be transported by four heavy expanded mobility tactical trucks (HEMTT) and trailers.

Oshkosh Defense HEMTT A4 M983A4 Patriot Tractor
Oshkosh Defense HEMTT A4 M983A4 Patriot Tractor

“That is what we’re fielding,” he said. “That is the outcome of an experimental prototype unit with residual combat capability.”

The command and control system will be the Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System 7.0, which is now available to artillerymen.

“We’re using a kit we have because the Soldiers know how to use it already and there’s already a school set up to use that,” he said.

With near-peer competitors developing their own hypersonic capabilities, the Army plans to counter them with about $1.2 billion on experimental prototyping through fiscal 2024.

Thurgood’s office officially received the glide body mission in March.┬áHis office brings together scientists and acquisition experts to expedite its programs, which also include directed energy and space technologies.

The glide body program is currently at the Sandia National Laboratories in New Mexico.

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