The U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) Marine Attack Squadron 311 (VMA-311) conducts a sundown ceremony at Marine Corps Air Station Yuma, October 15.
The VMA-311 Tomcats operated the AV-8B Harrier (V/STOL) jets. In spring 2022, VMA-311 will reactivate as Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 311 (VMFA-311) operating the F-35C Lightning II stealth fighter jet at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar. Similarly, VMA-214 will begin flying the F-35B as VMFA-214 at Marine Corps Air Station Yuma.
The VMA-311 Tomcats were initially commissioned in 1942 as a fighter attack squadron in Cherry Point, North Carolina. The Tomcats deployed in support of the WWII island hopping campaign, and flew the first Marine jet combat mission in 1950 during the Korean Conflict. VMA-311 was named Marine Corps Aviator Association’s Attack Squadron of the Year in 1988 and 1991, and became the first Marine squadron to employ the AV-8B Harrier in combat during Operation Desert Shield. VMA-311’s Harriers were the first to fly combat missions in Afghanistan during Operation Enduring Freedom, and participated in the first combat sortie of Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003. With a longstanding tradition of aviation firsts, VMA-311 remained an integral force in the nation’s forward presence around the globe.
“The Tomcats imbued a level of morale within each other that was unmatched, but I have no doubt the newly adopted VMA-214 Black Sheep identity will be embraced, and they will continue performing remarkably,” said Sgt. Maj. Colin Barry, VMA-311 sergeant major.
The Marine Corps’ transition to the F-35 marks one of the many advancements that the Marine Corps is taking to maintain air-superiority and ensure mission readiness. Though the F-35B variant and the AV-8B both offer vertical or short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) capabilities, the F-35 is unmatched in terms of versatility, lethality, and reduced pilot fatigue. The F-35 represents the future of Marine Corps tactical aviation, and will deliver strategic agility, operational flexibility, and tactical supremacy to the Marine Air Ground Task Force.
VMA-311 falls under USMC 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing (3rd MAW), the Marine Corps’ largest aircraft wing.